Thursday, February 4, 2021

Common daisy (Bellis perennis)

Bellis perennis L. (common daisy), a herbaceous perennial plant of meadows, lawns and other grassy areas, is a member of the Asteraceae family.

Bellis perennis contained many secondary metabolites included saponins, triterpenes, several anthocyanins, polyphenols, flavonoids and polyacetylenes.

Common daisy has been used as a diuretic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, expectorant, antipyretic, vulnerary, ophthalmic and homeostatic in traditional medicine.

The literature reveals that the chemical constituents of Bellis perennis included triterpenoidsaponins, triterpenes, several anthocyanins, flavonoids and polyacetylenes. The chemical investigation of the essential oils from the aerial organs of Bellis perennis showed that polyacetylenes were one of the dominant class of compounds.

Daisy is known as a traditional wound herb. There is a long history of herbal use for relieving bruises and swellings.

Bellis perennis has also been used in the treatment of sore throat, headache, common cold, stomachache, eye diseases, eczema, skin boils, gastritis, enteritis, diarrhea, bleeding, rheumatism, inflammation, and infections of the upper respiratory tract in traditional medicine.

Bellis perennis was used as skin lightening drug. It affected the metabolic pathways involved in melanin synthesis. It inhibited tyrosinase, transcriptional control of tyrosinase expression, reduced pro-melanogenic mediators endothelin, and α MSH (melanin stimulating hormone), as well as reducing melanosometransfere keratinocyte.
Common daisy (Bellis perennis)

Popular Posts

Other Interesting Articles